Glasgow's Low Emission Zone (LEZ)

Low Emission Zones set an environmental limit on certain road spaces - restricting access for the most polluting vehicles to improve air quality.

Whilst Glasgow has made good progress to reduce air pollution, harmful nitrogen dioxide is being recorded in our city centre at levels that do not meet statutory objectives. As the main source of this pollutant is from road traffic, Glasgow's LEZ is an essential measure to improve air quality and protect public health.

The Glasgow's LEZ is being phased in to give everyone time to prepare:

  • Phase 1 (buses only) was introduced on 31 December 2018
  • Phase 2 (all vehicles) is now in operation and will be enforced from 1 June 2023

Enforcement for vehicles registered to a residential property within the zone will start on 1 June 2024.

The emission standards required to drive into Glasgow's LEZ will apply to all vehicles except for motorbikes and mopeds.

Some vehicle types or uses are exempt. This would include emergency vehicles and vehicles for disabled persons, including blue badge holders.

Fully electric vehicles comply with LEZ requirements in Scotland.

Key entry requirements for Low Emission Zones in Scotland have been set at national level for consistency:

  • All vehicle types are affected except for motorbikes and mopeds.
  • Some vehicle types or uses are exempt. This would include emergency vehicles and vehicles for disabled persons, including blue badge holders.
  • In general, diesel engine vehicles registered after September 2015 and petrol engine vehicles registered from 2006 onwards will usually meet the required emissions standards, as will buses, coaches and HGVs registered from January 2013
  • A penalty charge will be payable by the vehicle's registered keeper if a non-compliant vehicle enters a LEZ. This penalty is set at £60 and is reduced by 50% if paid within 14 days. Where repeat entry by the same vehicle is detected within a 90-day period, the penalty charge rate will double, doubling again on each subsequent entry up to a maximum amount determined by vehicle type.

At local level, Glasgow's LEZ will operate 24 hours a day - all year round. It will cover an area of the city centre, bounded by the M8 motorway to the north and west, the River Clyde to the south and Saltmarket/High St to the east:

Practical, targeted assistance from the Scottish Government to help prepare for the introduction of Low Emission Zones in Scotland has included funding for households, micro-businesses, and a separate retrofit fund including support for taxi drivers.

Funding is again available in 2022, with further information available on the Energy Saving Trust website.

Interest-free loans are also available through the Energy Saving Trust for purchasing e-bikes, electric vehicles, and home charging points.

To reflect the impact of the pandemic on the uptake of the retrofitting scheme - taxi operators who can demonstrate by early 2023 that they have applied for retrofitting grants, are awaiting vehicle conversion work or are in the process of purchasing a compliant vehicle will be able to run their business without penalty should their taxi not yet be compliant by the time the LEZ becomes enforceable. 

Unaffected/Exempt Vehicles:

Fully electric vehicles comply with LEZ requirements in Scotland - if you are thinking of switching to electric, you might be eligible for a grant or loan to help you buy. Find out more by visiting the Energy Saving Trust webpages, Or speak with one of our team who can assist you to locate any available funding and discuss the best vehicle and offer for your needs.

Motorcycles, mopeds, motorised tricycles and quadricycles are unaffected by LEZ schemes in Scotland.

Some categories of vehicle will also be exempt from LEZ emission requirements.

  • Vehicles for disabled persons (including blue badge holders)
  • Police vehicles
  • Ambulance and emergency vehicles
  • Scottish Fire and Rescue
  • Her Majesty's Coastguard
  • National Crime Agency
  • Military vehicles
  • Historic vehicles
  • Showman's vehicles

Emission Standards:

Emission standards for LEZs in Scotland have been set nationally - these are:

  • Euro 4 for petrol vehicles
  • Euro 6 for diesel vehicles
  • Euro IV for heavy duty petrol vehicles such as buses/coaches and HGVs
  • Euro VI for heavy duty diesel vehicles such as buses/coaches and HGVs

Vehicles which have been appropriately modified or retrofitted to meet or exceed these emission standards will also be permitted entry to LEZs in Scotland.

You may be able to find Euro standard information on the inside of your vehicle's driver or passenger door frame. For newer vehicles, the Euro standard may be listed on the V5C registration document (log book). If you are in any doubt, you can contact the vehicle manufacturer to check.

Online Vehicle Checker:

Transport Scotland are working on an online tool that will enable motorists to check if their vehicle meets LEZ emission standards by entering their registration number. Until this is ready, they have prepared a basic online vehicle checker. Whilst the results are not a guarantee or proof that a vehicle can enter a LEZ, they can give an indication meantime.

Full details about Glasgow's LEZ can be found on their Frequently Asked Questions page, including where the zone is, emission standards, penalties, grace periods and exemptions.

You can also find out more about the availability of funding assistance to ease compliance; whether your vehicle is likely to meet the expected emission standards, and general information about how you can prepare for Glasgow's LEZ.

You can also speak with a member of our team who will be happy to assist you with any queries you may have.

Full details of Glasgow's LEZ scheme design is available in the document below: